For every strand of hair on your body, there is a corresponding pore. We can’t see all the skin pores, and the same holds true for hair. While we share the same number of hair as apes, human hair is much less coarse, and most are so wispy they can’t really be seen.

Skin Pores: How Do They Work?

Credit: Gabriela Mendes

The average adult has around 5 million hairs on his or her body. If you think you suffer from large pores and feel low about it, take heart! 4.9 million or so of them are nice and tiny.

Maintaining clean, healthy skin pores is important for maintaining healthy (and healthy-looking) skin. Dirt and oil collect around them like leaves and debris collect around a storm drain. When these get clogged, it creates a pile-up of oil and dead skin cells in the follicle. Soon, bacteria make their way to the blockage, and the growth in bacteria causes inflammation.

Now, if you keep squeezing, poking and rubbing the blocked pore, it doesn’t help one bit. It only adds more oil, dirt and unwelcome physical pressure — everything a zit needs to flourish. Worse, you may just make those pores stretch more.

While there isn’t a permanent solution to shrink skin pores, there are ways you can make them look smaller.

To learn more about skin pores, read on!

The Function of Skin Pores

The Function of Skin Pores

Credit: Tookapic

Our skin is abundant with hair follicles, tiny shafts through which hair can grow.

“Follicles” and “pores” are sometimes used interchangeably, and other times referred to as two different things. In truth, the pore is simply the opening on the skin of the hair follicle, which extends downward through several layers of skin.

If a hair follicle were a tall chimney, the pore would be the opening at the top of the chimney. Instead of emitting smoke, the follicle emits a shaft of hair. Skin cells are constantly dying inside the follicle. Additionally, small sebaceous glands located inside the follicle (picture a cul-de-sac located to the side of an otherwise straight road) produce oil called sebum. Sebum is a mixture of fats, proteins, cholesterol and inorganic salts. It travels up the follicle and (in a perfect world) exits through the pore. It also carries dead skin cells found within the follicle up to the skin’s surface.

What about sweat — doesn’t that come out of the same pores? No. Sweat is produced by separate glands that also heavily populate your skin. However, it does still affect your skin’s appearance. Once it reaches the surface, it dries and leaves salts behind that can block your pores.

This mixture of oil and dead skin cells helps to coat your skin, protecting it from bacteria, viruses, wind and rain. Sometimes, though, the pore is occluded (blocked) and the materials trying to get out can’t, resulting in acne.

If you have large pores, here’s some good news. As we age, our skin produces less oil, leading to dryness. This dryness, coupled with environmental damage to the skin, causes the skin to age and wrinkle. Large pores produce more oil, and this comes in handy later in life when your skin needs it most.

Maintenance of Skin Pores

Maintenance of Skin Pores

Credit: Kevin Laminto

Many people don’t like having noticeable pores, but there are steps you can take to minimize their appearance:

  • If you use makeup, wash it off every night with a gentle cleanser to prevent pore blockage.
  • Protect yourself from the sun. The sun and ageing thicken the outer layer of skin, and as the tide of skin cells rises, they form a tiny volcano rim around pores. This makes pores seem bigger than they really are.
  • Oily-looking skin tends to make pores look larger. Wash your face regularly with mild, hydrating cleansers.
  • Debris, such as dead skin cells, collects around the edges of pores, making them look bigger. Topical Vitamin A treatments can prevent skin cells in the pore from sticking and clogging it up, and help reduce the ridges or rims that develop around pores.
  • Exfoliating treatments like microdermabrasion (where tiny particles are blasted against your face and immediately vacuumed back up) remove dead skin layers with the goal of making your skin look smoother. Some people opt for chemical peels or laser resurfacing, but these are more intensive procedures and carry the possibility of unwanted side effects.

As frustrating as it can be to have large pores, you can minimize their appearance — and your frustration — through regular care and maintenance.

For this week, Porcelain will introduce you to the easy but effective home skin care world. Make your own DIY pack easily and conveniently at home.

Honey Banana Pack – Give hydration to your dry skin!

Did you know that a banana not only taste excellent but also good for your skin? It soothes the skin and helps circulation while nourishing skin with antioxidants and other minerals. Banana has no known side effects to skin thus it is effective for sensitive, acne-prone skin. Potassium in a banana can help heal blemishes faster. And also banana will make your skin softer and hydrated. Perfect for dry skin! Don’t forget that a banana is good for your anti-aging. If you are worried about getting fat, give bananas to your skin!

–          Ingredients : banana 1, honey 1 tsp, yogurt 2 tsp, flour 1 tsp

Mash the banana and mix all the ingredients together! Then apply it to your face with a brush. After 10-15 minutes, gently wash off your face with warm water. Banana and honey will give you moisture to your skin! Feel moist-full skin. Did you find it effective? Also you can make use of banana peels. Grab banana peels and rub the insides of banana peels onto your skin. Banana skins have a lot of nutrients which work the same as bananas!

 

Lemon juice Facial Wash – Perfect way to brighten and make your skin elastic!

One of the cheapest and most easily accessible things for healthier skin is definitely lemon! It is good for acne, brown spots, skin whitening, and pigmentation. It works well on oily skin and lightens the skin too. Acid in lemon acts as an antiseptic and kills the bacteria. Also, if you are worried about blackheads, lemon is also a good choice!

–          Ingredients : only lemon

Cut lemon in half and squeeze the lemon. With the juice of lemon, massage your face for 2-3 minutes avoiding your delicate eyes. Carefully wash your face to remove lemon! Don’t forget to give enough moisture. Acid in lemon can steal your moisture. Lemon wash twice a week and you will get white spotless skin.

 

Aloe Pack – Let’s give our exhausted skin a rest.

Let our skin rest from the intensive Sun! Aloe is the best thing to enhance moisture and soothe skin. Do you know that Aloe was called ‘plant of immortality’ in ancient Egypt? Since then Aloe has been used as remedy for sun burn and inflammation. However if you think that this is all for Aloe, you misunderstood Aloe! Aloe is also good for acne and cell rejuvenation.

–          Ingredients : Raw aloe

Peel off raw aloe and cut the inner part into thin slices. Put it on your face and leave it for 10-15 minutes. After moist from aloe penetrate into your skin, remove it! Or if you are a skin-conscious person, scrape the aloe and mix it with 1tsp honey and 1tsp adlay powder and put it on your clean face. Rinse off your face 10-15 minutes later and your skin is ready to go out for lovely dinner date!

 

Egg white and honey pack – Exfoliate, balance, tighten pore and make your skin glow!

Egg white is not only used in making meringues but also used as a base for a lot of skin masks. Egg white is known as an instant face lifter and pore tightner. You have to be aware that these effects are only temporary and smell can be quite nasty before the whites of eggs dries up.

–          Ingredients : white of an egg, milk 1tsp, honey 1tsp

Put all the things in blender and blend it until the foam forms. What a rhyme! Do not try to mix it on your own, you will go muscular. After cleansing your face, put the mixture on your skin. When the mixture dries up after 5-7 minutes, get ready to feel the difference? Wash it off! You will be surprised to have glowing skin. Don’t forget to do this pack regularly about 3 times a week! Besides mixing egg whites with honey, you can add avocados, milk, oatmeal and other natural pleasures according to your skin conditions.

 

Almond Oil Therapy – Effective cleanser for your delicate skin!

Did you know that almond oil was used for skin care since Roman Empire? Let’s make porcelain skin with almond! We can take advantage of almonds better in liquid form than in solid form. Almond oil is rich in vitamin A, D, E and has magnesium and calcium. In addition it is famous for its emollient effect. It helps reduce skin irritation, delays aging process, smoothes the skin and improves the skin tone! Let’s try.

–          Ingredients : piece of cotton, almond oil

Just dip a piece of cotton in almond oil and wipe off your face with it! How easy it is! All the nutrients will go into your skin smoothly and give your dry skin nutrients.

Do you know that blackberries contain a wonderful source of folic acid and vitamin C? Both of which are vital in aiding your body’s ability to rejuvenate and repair cells!

Credits: Kristina Paukshtite

Tip of the day:

Do you know that blackberries contain a wonderful source of folic acid and vitamin C? Both of which are vital in aiding your body’s ability to rejuvenate and repair cells!

Here’s a recipe for a stunning blackberries dessert.

Ingredients

  • 4 cups fresh blackberries
  • 1/2 cup white sugar
  • 1/2 cup all-purpose flour
  • 1 recipe pastry for a 9-inch double crust pie
  • 2 tablespoons milk
  • 1/4 cup white sugar

Directions

  1. Preheat the oven to 425 degrees F (220 degrees C).
  2. Combine 3 1/2 cups berries with the sugar and flour. Spoon the mixture into an unbaked pie shell. Spread the remaining 1/2 cup berries on top of the sweetened berries, and cover with the top crust. Seal and crimp the edges.  Cut vents in the top crust for steam to escape.
  3. Brush the top crust with milk, and sprinkle with 1/4 cup sugar.
  4. Bake in the preheated oven for 15 minutes. Reduce the oven temperature to 375 degrees F (190 degrees C), and bake for an additional 20 to 25 minutes, or until the crust is golden brown. Cool on wire rack.
Do you know that blackberries contain a wonderful source of folic acid and vitamin C? Both of which are vital in aiding your body’s ability to rejuvenate and repair cells!

Credits: The Bricks Kitchen

 


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What are Milia Seeds?

Pretty as they sound, these are not flower seeds. Also known as oilseeds, milia seeds are keratin-filled bumps that usually develop around the eye and nose area. They’re the bane of every quest to silky smooth skin because they cause a rough and uneven skin texture. Commonly found in people of all ages, they form when the skin does not slough off normally and get trapped in pores. Not so pretty now, are they?

Milia Seeds 101: What are they?

What Causes Them?

Milia seeds are often caused by overly rich creams or oil-based skin care products. For some people, they are hereditary or caused by hormonal changes. Certain medications and pollutants can also be contributing factors. However, before you start panicking about those little white bumps on your face, do note that these are fairly harmless.

How To Prevent Them?

Milia Seeds 101: Avoid creams that are too rich for the eye area

Avoid using creams that are too rich for your eye area as it might cause pore congestion. Rich concealers are often silent causes as people often use them to cover up dark eye circles. Consider using an oil-free lotion or cream, or possibly change products altogether, as an allergy may also be a cause. Sunburns may also cause damage leading to the cysts, so be sure to wear sunblock if burning is a problem. Most importantly, keep your hands off your face to prevent excess bacteria from getting on it!

How To Get Rid Of Milia Seeds?

Common ways include the use of a topical retinoid cream such as tretinoin, tazarotene or adapalene; removal with a sterile lancet or scalpel followed by the use of a comedone extractor, a tool used to remove whiteheads and blackheads; a series of fruit acid peels or microdermabrasion procedures; and carbon dioxide laser treatment. You should consult a dermatologist or aesthetic specialist for the appropriate course of treatment. Most importantly, do not try to remove them by squeezing them yourself, as it will very likely lead to scars.

PS: Porcelain’s Precision Facials helps to effectively remove milia seeds. For targeted milia seed removal, check out our RevitalEyes TreatmentBook now or call 6227 9692 or Whatsapp us at 9721 1008 to find out more.

Having acne or pigmentation problems? You might want to consider adding an Intense Pulse Light (IPL) treatment to your current facial treatment. Generally, IPL therapy serves as a good compliment to facial treatments as it speeds up the recovery process, which tends to produce better results as the IPL technology allows deeper penetration into the skin, rejuvenating and enhance renewal of collagen which helps in the absorption of products.

The IPL system releases yellow, green and red lights that are emitted in a series of short pulses. The yellow/green light destroys the bacteria which causes acne that thrives in our skin, while the red light directly targets the overactive sebaceous glands that cause outbreaks of pustules (pimples). The light conversion to heat is targeted accurately to the cells deep in the skin, initiating shrinkage of the inflamed sebaceous glands which helps to prevent over-production of excess sebum. Additionally, IPL treatment is effecting in correcting common skin pigmentation problems such as age spots, sun-induced freckles, and symptoms of rosacea, birthmarks, and unsightly veins, acne scarring and other blemishes.

IPL – Black Magic for Skin Rejuvenation

If you are looking for skin rejuvenation, consider the Black Magic™ IPL Treatment instead. Black Magic™ treatment does not target pigments, but aims to rejuvenate the skin instead, by tightening the pores and reducing sebum production. Black Magic™ treatment uses a proprietary formula created in Korea, known as The Photo Reborn Gel or Plasma Magic Gel.  Unlike conventional IPL Gel, which has a clear colour, the Plasma Magic Gel is black.

 

Normal IPL treatment uses an IPL gel that helps prevent light from scattering during the treatment. During a normal IPL treatment, there may be some loss of energy during travelling of light when it’s penetrating into the skin. However, the formulated Plasma Magic Gel can greatly reduce the energy loss and better absorb the light for better results using less energy. Thus, the Black Magic treatment therefore works effectively by diminishing the look of pores and reduces oiliness of skin.

LED Light Therapy

An IPL session at Porcelain includes the use of LED lights to target various skin problems. The LED Light Therapy is a skin rejuvenation treatment that uses non-invasive, non-ablative Red Light Therapy & Blue Light Therapy, and Infrared Light treatment for anti-aging skincare, facial wrinkles, acne treatment, stretch marks and more. It is very common to see that red light therapy associated with anti-aging and blue light therapy to fight acne. The following light colours used in a typical LED Light Therapy treatment tell you the benefits associated with each colour:

 

Red

  • Encourages collagen & elastin regeneration
  • Increases oxygen & blood flow hence perfect to prevent inflammation + acne

Blue

  • Kills bacteria, hence helps with acne

Green

  • Reduces hyper pigmentation
  • Improves skin tone and texture
  • Smoothen fine lines and wrinkles

Yellow

  • Helps treat sunburns, redness, swelling and eczema

 

Want a certain colour to zero in on your problems? A typical treatment at Porcelain will have our friendly therapists selecting the right combination of colours to cater to your unique skin type.

If you are currently undergoing facial treatment for acne or pigmentation, adding on IPL treatments will be a great compliment as technology enables deeper penetration of the products compared to normal facial treatments. For the treatment of problem skin, this means achieving expected results in a faster and more effective manner.