It is said that the eyes are the windows to one’s soul, a gateway for us to connect with the others. Looking at how drastically different one can look by simply whisking on some mascara or putting on some colored contacts, there is no doubt the eye can make a huge difference to the way you look. It is bad enough that such an important feature is the first to show signs of aging, lack of sleep, stress, etc. In this entry, lets take a look at how we can better care for the skin around your eyes and reduce that dependence on “industrial-strength” concealer.

It is known that our skin tends to lose its elasticity as we age, as it is also known that the skin area around our eyes are much more delicate and sensitive since it is the thinnest compared to all the other areas of our body. This explains why it tends to develop wrinkles, dark circles and other signs of stress more easily. In addition, the lack of sebaceous glands also makes it easier for wrinkles to develop. Facial movements and expressions such as smiling and frowning cause the formation of wrinkles and lines too.

The skin area around our eyes can also become saggy due to crying, excessive rubbing and tugging, removal of eye makeup and the continuous insertion and removal of contact lenses. At the same time, puffiness of the eyes may result due to internal dehydration, overconsumption of a large intake of salty food or in some cases, an allergy condition.

Tips

1. Hydrate

  • Your skin needs to be well hydrated to maintain its elasticity.

2. Quit Smoking

  • Smoking causes a breakdown of collagen which leads to your skin losing its elasticity.

3. Sunscreen

  • It has been shown that UV rays are responsible for up to 80% of aging.

4. Reduce facial expressions

  • Wear sunglasses whenever you are in the sun to avoid squinting
  • Look at yourself in the mirror and try to avoid expressions which creates creasing around the eye area

5. Sleep

  • Having sufficient sleep prevents blood from clotting around the eye causing dark circles

6. Avoid Alcohol

  • Alcohol dehydrates your body

7. Use the right make up remover

  • When using heavy eye make up, use oil based remover to prevent excessive rubbing and stress around your eye area

8. Eye Care Regime

  • Use specific skin care products for the eyes as they contain specific ingredients to counter eye problems
  • Go to a professional to have regular Eye Treatments to help alleviate and prevent eye problems

Start young, and preserve your youthful looking eyes before its too late. 🙂

Acne is a rather common skin problem faced by teenagers and adults alike. The humid climate we are living in does nothing but makes it worse. We will never have to worry about getting our hands on anti-acne products, all readily available – everywhere.  But the problem once again lies in finding one which really works for us. That’s why in this entry we’ll take a look at 20 medications proven to be effective in acne treatment.

1) Benzoyl Peroxide

An antibacterial agent, Benzoyl Peroxide allows oxygen to reach clogged pores and effectively cleanse your skin, ridding acne-causing organisms.

2) Salicylic Acid

Found in many acne products, Salicylic Acid is an ingredient that is naturally derived from fruits and plants. It is an exfoliant and able to remove dead skin cells, therefore promoting the growth of new skin cells. It can also penetrate clogged pores, keeping them clean and free from acne outbreaks.

3) Topical Retinoids

Topical Retinoids are derivatives of Vitamin A. It removes acne-causing bacteria and is usually used for treating comedonal acne like blackheads and whiteheads. In addition, it is able to minimize large pores and remove blemishes by exfoliating the skin and preventing clogging.

4) Retinols and Alpha Hydroxy Acids (AHAs)

It has been known that both Retinols and AHAs are able to reduce signs of ageing. Both act as exfoliants and help accelerate the growth of new skin cells. Similar to topical Retinoids, Retinol is also derived from Vitamin A. It helps to reduce wrinkles and increase collagen for skin elasticity. As for AHAs, it can be derived from everyday food like sugar, citrus fruits and milk.

5) Azelaic Acid

Used as an alternative to Retinoids and Benzoyl Peroxide, it is an anti-bacterial agent that can prevent the growth of acne-causing organisms. Commonly found in grain food like Barley, Wheat and Rye, Azelaic Acid is used to reduce swelling and inflammation without causing dryness to the skin.

6) Topical Antibiotics

Generally, Topical Antibiotics work faster and have minimal side effects. The two most commonly used are Clindamycin and Erythromycin. These antibiotics are either used alone or combined with Benzoyl Peroxide. As an anti-bacterial agent, it prevents the growth of acne, blackheads and whiteheads. Moreover, with its anti-inflammatory properties, it helps to reduce swelling from acne pustules.

7) Tetracycline

Propionibacterium acnes (P.acnes) is the bacteria responsible for acne growth. When Tetracycline is used, it is able to penetrate into the sebaceous glands to inhibit the action of P. acnes. Its anti-inflammatory properties allow it to reduce and remove pustules papules. The three types of Tetracyclines include Plain or Generic, Minocycline and Doxycycline, with Minocycline being the most effective in the treatment of acne rosacea. It is advised that pregnant women should avoid any kinds of Tetracycline treatment.

8) Doxycycline

A type of Tetracycline, Doxycycline is used to prevent the growth of P. acnes. It inhibits the protein production which is essential for the survival of P. acnes. Doxycycline also aids in treating acne by controlling the inflammatory reactions that take place around the infected areas. By using Doxycycline, it helps remove blemishes and keep the skin free from bacteria. Other uses include the treatment of malaria, cholera and pneumonia.

9) Minocycline

Minocycline is an antibiotic which cures severe acne problems. Its anti-bacterial and anti-inflammatory properties enable it to inhibit the growth of acne and reduce any redness and swelling. Besides treating acne, Minocycline is also widely used in treating respiratory infections, urethritis and swollen joints.

10) Birth Control Pills

Birth control pills help to control the hormones in our body. Since the cause of acne is due to our hormones, Birth control pills will work for the treatment of acne. It is able to help to inhibit sebum production, thereby preventing any stimulation of oil glands which eventually cause acne. By regulating the production of the hormones, Birth control pills are able to help reduce acne breakouts.

11) Isotretinoin

Also known as Accutane, Isotretinoin is used to treat severe acne which has become resistant to topical or oral antibiotics. It effectively decreases sebum production in the oil glands which is a food source for acne-causing bacteria. Besides that, it also helps to remove dead epidermal cells and free up clogged pores.

12) Photodynamic

When the sebaceous glands start to produce more and more sebum, the sebum tends to accumulate and clog up the pores. This will then allow P. acnes, the acne-causing bacteria, to thrive. Photodynamic therapy makes use of a light source and a chemical solution to remove the acne. The blue light used in photodynamic therapy helps to activate porphyrins(a byproduct of P. acnes), which will then destroy these P. acnes.

13) Dermabrasion

Dermabrasion is widely used for scar removals. It is a non-invasive surgical procedure which helps to remove the outer layer of your skin. By doing so, it helps to speed up the growth of new and healthier skin. Dermabrasion can also be used to remove wrinkles and moles.

14) Sulfur

The keratolytic properties of Sulfur help in the removal of dead skin cells which prevents any pore blockage. When used, it can also help to curb oily skin as well. Its comedolytic properties help to get rid of blackheads and whiteheads. Moreover, Sulfur is also used in the treatment of dermatitis and bacterial infections.

15) Chemical Peels

Initially used for anti-ageing and exfoliation purposes, chemical peels are now gradually used in treating acne. This procedure is usually carried out by doctors and aestheticians and is especially effective in the removal of blackheads and whiteheads. The acid mask used helps to exfoliate and promote the growth of new skin cells. Moreover, it can also be used to slow down the development of wrinkles and even out any skin discoloration.

16) Anti- Androgens

Androgens are hormones that are responsible for causing acne. This is because it stimulates the sebaceous glands which eventually produce a large amount of sebum. Therefore, the consumption of anti-androgen drugs is necessary to inhibit the action of androgens on these oil glands.

17) Hormonal Therapy

When androgens come into contact with oil-producing glands, a large amount of sebum will be produced. This makes your skin prone to having acne. Thus the main purpose of anti-androgens drugs is to reduce the number of free androgens inside the body.  Hormonal therapy can be in many forms and this includes oral contraceptives.

18) Chinese Herbs

In Chinese medicine, the most basic principle is to strike a balance between the Yin and the Yang. As such, the main objective here is to achieve homeostasis. This is essentially the recovery of your body back to its original state. Compared to oral antibiotics, Chinese medicine requires a longer treatment period. For people who dislike the consumption of any synthetic chemicals or find the drugs too expensive, they can opt for the use of Chinese medicine.

19) Ayurveda

It is believed that energy is required for all human activity. The three types of energy include Vata, Pitta and Kapha. Based on this principle, it is said that acne results because of the imbalances of these energies in the body. Thus only when an equilibrium is reached, will you be healthy and be rid of any acne problems. Usually, imbalances are caused by bad dietary choices and lifestyle. So to prevent any acne outbreaks, make sure to live a healthy lifestyle and have a healthy diet!

20) Homoeopathy

Homoeopathy works on the basis that if a substance is able to cause a person to fall ill, that same substance can also serve as a treatment for the other person. There are 6 different types of homoeopathic remedies for the treatment of acne.

21)    Antimonium Tartaricum

This is usually recommended for individuals who have painful and large pustules.

22)    Calcarea Carbonica

As it improves the skin’s resistance to diseases, this is recommended for those who have frequent acne breakouts.

23)    Hepar Sulphuris Calcareum

Normally, this treatment will be used when boils are present. Also, it helps to hasten the healing process of your skin.

24)    Pulsatilla

This is especially useful for teens who face acne problems during puberty as well as women who suffer breakouts during their menstrual period.

25)    Silicea

For chronic acne problems, this will be an effective remedy for you.

 

With a better understanding of how each medicine works, you are now able to fight off acne more effectively. Be sure to choose a product that works for your skin!

 


READ MORE STORIES HERE:

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As we move through different phases in life, one of the major changes we have to learn to deal with will be our skincare needs. These changes can take place over a week, a month or years. We have to understand that our skin transforms according to hormonal fluctuations, stress, diet, ageing etc. In this entry, we will be focusing on how to deal with skincare by age groups.

Skincare by Age Groups: For the 20s

This is a crucial phase to begin if you have yet to have the habit of developing good skin care routine. Generally in your twenties, gone were the days when you suffered from major breakouts. Now, the main objective is to prevent premature ageing and to treat any scars resulting from acne/pimples previously. For those with adult acne, it would be to focus on reducing sebum production and keeping the breakouts in check.

Tips

1) Apply sunscreen. Understand why from this article.

2) Use the right products to retain collagen and moisture. At mid-twenties, your skin will start to lose its ability to retain moisture.

3) Start exfoliating! Skin cell regeneration slows by around 20%, causing your skin to look dull and lifeless.

4) See a professional aesthetician for advice on what products you should be using.

5) Go for regular deep pore cleansing.

6) Avoid rich products, such as cream-based products or those with high anti-ageing ingredients to prevent pores from clogging.

7) Avoid foundation, concealers and other makeup bases that may clog your pores.

8) You may go for regular LED Light Therapy to increase cell regeneration, fight bacteria and boost collagen production.

9) Quit smoking. Start exercising and change to a healthier diet — it is so much easier to do it when you are still young.

Skincare by Age Groups: For the 30s

At this stage, skin cell renewal would have decreased even more significantly. The loosening of collagen fibres and elastin would have caused the skin to lose its natural texture, tone and color. Your skin will develop wrinkles and light age spots a little more easily as its natural resistance has weakened.

Tips

Basically, you will have to continue doing all the steps above, and add the steps below.

1) Orally consume anti-oxidants such as vitamins A, C, D and E as they will help repair your skin and prevent damage by free radicals.

2) Change your skin care products gradually to those with a higher anti-ageing concentration.

3) If wrinkles and pigmentation have already developed, you may begin to seek treatments such as LHE/IPL Light therapy to boost collagen production and reduce pigment colour.

4) If you have been caring for your skin since your 20s, the occurrence of wrinkles and pigmentation would be greatly reduced.

Skincare by Age Groups: For the 40s and above

The outer layer of your skin is now thicker and dries up even further.  With the loss of collagen and moisture, you will develop even deeper wrinkles. In addition, elastic fibres also start to lose its elasticity and thicken into clumps. Thus, your main aim here will be to minimize the loss of collagen, moisturize, fight dull and uneven complexion, prevent further photodamage.

Tips

It will be all the steps above for the 20s and 30s skincare and the following:

1) On top of oral consumption, apply products with anti-oxidants like vitamin A and C. Retinoids(Vitamin A) helps to reverse naturally aged skin and Vitamin C improves collagen synthesis and repair skin damage.

2) Switch to a skin care system to help nourish and moisturize your skin thoroughly.

3) For severe pigmentation problems, you may have to seek peeling, laser or harsher treatments. (Don’t wait till that stage, prevention is better than cure.)

4) For unclogged, but saggy skin, you may like to go for regular Radio Frequency treatments that can help lift and firm up your skin.

The start of good skin care is to protect your skin from damage. Establish your skincare routine according to your skin type starting today, no matter what age you are. Better now than never!

Valerie Yeap

Hi everyone,

I am Valerine, a new member of the Porcelain family. Just to share a little experience with everyone…

Ever felt lousy about yourself because of your troubled skin? Envy others for their perfect skin? YES, this was exactly how I felt back then when I was a troubled teenage girl faced with really serious acne problems.

The lesson learnt? Don’t ever be LAZY and do not be afraid to seek professional treatment! I won’t say I have the perfect skin right now, but its certainly one that allows me to feel confident about. I understand how skin problems can lead to other emotional/confidence issues, and I am here to share with you my passion and interest in skin care. Hopefully, readers out there can benefit from the content and achieve Porcelain skin too!

Read on for my first entry!

When it comes to skincare, despite an increasing number, there is still a large male population who either “don’t care”, “lazy”, or thinks it is still a feminine sport. Well, skin is ultimately skin, and skin care for men is equally important as skin care is to women.

For those a little more interested, here are the key differences between men’s skin and women’s skin.

1. A man’s skin is usually firmer and about 20% thicker than their female counterpart. This is because a man’s skin contains more collagen and elastin. This also explains why men have less wrinkles and are less susceptible to aging.

2. Men have smaller oil glands (yay!), but despite that their skin tends to be oilier than women’s. This is because the male hormone, testosterone, increases sebum secretion. In comparison, the female hormone, estrogen, secretes much less sebum. This explains the higher rate of acne occurrences in men (especially teenage boys going through puberty).

3. Men also tend to have dirtier skin compared to women. Women might attribute it to their hygiene, but the truth is men have naturally larger pore size. This makes it more prone to clogging by dirt and sebum. Hence, deep cleansing is an especially important step for men.

4. Shaving. It strips the hydroltic film on the skin, causing it to be more irritable and inclined to skin problems.

After understanding the core differences, what are the steps men should take to better care for their skin?

  • Understand your skin type and select a suitable facial cleanser.
  • Always have a facial cleanser with deep cleansing properties that cleanse and clear clogged pores  thoroughly (remember to avoid those that can be over-drying)
  • For shaving, get a good shaving kit that includes shaver, foam, foam brush and aftershave.
  • Never use soap, body wash or (shampoo) to cleanse your face as they tend to be too drying.
  • Apply sunscreen of at least SPF 30 on your face to protect yourself from the sun.
  • Exfoliate at least twice a week to get rid of impurities and dead skin cells.
  • Go to a facial therapist for thorough pore cleansing every month.
  • Have a balanced and healthy diet.
  • Sweat the toxins out! Exercise!
  • Keep yourself hydrated with lots of water.

These steps are just generic guidelines to help you achieve better health and better skin. However, do note that if the skin problem is too severe, you might like to consult a professional Aesthetician for advice.

– valerine yeap

We have been working with 2 bloggers, one which is Huirong (a blogger recommended by another of my friend) and another I shall keep a secret for a little while more, to promote Porcelain in a way which is objective and honest. In fact, we had them agree to tell them nothing but the truth about the treatments, the results and how they feel towards Porcelain and our services.

The one most important thing about being our online representative is to work with us during the treatment period. We are confident our treatments can help them achieve better skin, and all they need to do is to work with us.

No. 1 Rule: No Make Up Bases (that includes foundations, concealers, loose powder, powder, bb creams etc)

That is a pity because Huirong is a model and it is a fundamental requirement for her to apply foundations especially during photoshoots. Hence, her treatment progress will not be as effective as we would like for it to be. 🙁

Nevertheless, if you are interested to find out about what Huirong’s gotta say about us, do check it out here!

—-

Paulineng