Acne

Discover more about acne and how to fight it!

Causes of acne are multiple. Your trusty cellphone, for example, keeps you close to your friends, but also to your enemies as it’s a propagator of nasty bacteria and dirt. Learn more with us on what causes acne, and pick up quick tips and solutions to help keep it at bay for clear, radiant skin from within.

There are several key components to anti-aging skincare in the effective prevention and treatment of fine lines, wrinkles and the loss of youthful glow. In addition to the potential benefits of an anti aging skin care product, some basic skincare tips to maintain a young, healthy appearance include:

Sun Protection

Carefully protecting your skin from the sun’s rays is one of the most important elements of skincare to prevent signs of premature aging. The sun can cause over-drying of the surface, as well as damage cellular processes that are required in order for the skin to repair itself and maintain its moisture and elasticity.

This can lead to pigmentation changes, a thinning or rougher texture, and an overall less cared for appearance. Caring for your skin in order to prevent sun damage requires the use of an SPF product daily, taking care not to neglect the lips, and take additional precautionary measures such as wearing a wide-brimmed hat, avoiding direct sun during peak hours, and choosing shade whenever possible.

Moisturize

A second key component of anti-aging skincare is the use of moisturizing products appropriate to your skin type to replenish and protect the skin’s precious water reserves. Numerous factors affect our skin’s hydration levels, including perspiration, bathing, deep cleansing, and exposure to harsh climates or extreme temperatures.

Ease your skin’s cares by carefully choosing products that will soothe and moisturize gently and effectively, while avoiding ingredients that would irritate your sensitivities. Oily and problem skin need to stick to water-based products, but more intensive treatment is generally required for dry, sensitive and aging skin. Products that incorporate added nutrients, antioxidants and vitamins provide an extra caring approach if you’ve decided it’s time to gently get tough with your wrinkles.

Lifestyle

Your body works as a complete system, and your skin’s health should be looked at as part of the whole. Several important practices will benefit your skin as well as overall health and well being:

  • Drinking water – get plenty of it. Stay hydrated from the inside out and reap the rewards all over. Adequate fluids help flush out impurities and waste materials which will show in your face’s healthy glow, as well as maintain surface moisture levels
  • Exercise – an appropriate level of physical exertion will boost energy levels, and promote good circulation in the skin and throughout your body. Avoid exercising in extreme temperatures though, and be sure to drink lots of water during and after a workout.
  • Eat well – taking care to avoid junk food and eat lots of fruits and vegetables will ensure your body has the fuel it needs to look and feel its best
  • Rest – fatigue is not pretty, and is hard to hide. Care for yourself by getting sufficient sleep every day and give your body the downtime it needs to restore itself.

The most effective skincare strategy to preventing and reducing unwanted signs of age will incorporate all these elements of a daily routine designed to care, protect, restore and beautify. Show yourself and your skin the care you deserve, and pamper yourself a little. Wash away the stress and cares of the outside world in order to face it again tomorrow, with renewed reserves and a fresh outlook.

As consumers become more concerned about minimising the use of chemicals in their lives, skincare and make-up ingredients are coming under the spotlight. Nowadays informed customers are not ready to take unnecessary health risks and are increasingly questioning if what they are putting on their skin poses any long-term risks. As a result, several niche cosmetic brands that have opted to go natural or organic are booming. Not only do they promise better overall health, but they also mean you are doing your bit for the environment because of their eco-friendly production practices. So if you’re thinking of going green here’s our definitive guide to becoming a natural beauty.

Why Go Green?

The growing consensus among experts is that what you put on your skin doesn’t merely go skin deep but enters your entire system too. Some ingredients soaked up by our skin from our cosmetics are carcinogenic. Although the body has a mechanism to flush out toxins from its system, traces of some tough-to-dislodge chemicals can accumulate over the years and gradually affect our overall health. Experts agree that top of the list to avoid are: parabens, mercury, lead, phthalates, petroleum-based products, xanthene and zinc chloride (a skin and eye irritant mainly found in shampoos, conditioners and cleansers). Natural skincare and make-up products are made with few, if any, synthetic chemicals and use a wide range of plant or fruit extracts, minerals and vitamins as their ingredients.

Organic cosmetics are more evolved and guarantee (through certification) that all the natural ingredients used haven’t been treated with chemicals. But if you’re looking for something 100 per cent organic, make sure that it says so specifically on the label. If the label says it is ‘100% Organic’ then you know these products are made entirely from certified organic ingredients. If it states that it’s ‘organic’ the products contain at least 95% organic ingredients, a figure that reduces to 75% if the label says ‘made with organic ingredients’.

Eat Up!

It isn’t just what jars you open that determine your skin and hair health. What you throw in your shopping trolley at the supermarket every week can also dramatically affect how you look. Here are the top skin and hair foods that you should stock up on:

Water

Beauty Benefit: Water is rightly referred to as a beauty tonic on tap. After all, one of the signs of a youthful complexion is supple, well-hydrated skin. Not having enough water in the day shows instantly in the form of dry and shrivelled skin.

Green Tip: Have a minimum of two to three litres of water a day and you’re guaranteed supple skin.

Green Tea

Beauty Benefit: For the same reason that you love water, you should love green tea too. It’s great for hydration when you’re looking for something other than water, plus it contains antioxidants that offer great anti-aging benefits.

Green Tip: Replace your cups of regular tea or coffee with green tea. This cuts down on caffeine and helps you stock up on antioxidants instead.

Blueberries

Beauty Benefit: Blueberries may be small in size but they are one of the richest natural sources of powerful antioxidants, and protect our skin from premature aging, especially if you have concerns about blotchy, dull or sun-damaged skin.

Green Tip: A good way to include it in your daily diet is to add half a cup of blueberries to your morning cereal or yogurt.

Spinach

Beauty Benefit: Dark leafy vegetables like spinach are loaded with Vitamin A and minerals. The Vitamin A in spinach boosts new cell production and reduces skin dryness.

Green Tip: Trade your lettuce for raw spinach in salads or sauté it with nuts for a healthy veggie dish.

Lemons

Beauty Benefit: A prime skincare ingredient in tons of anti-ageing creams, Vitamin C is a great antioxidant and helps flush out toxins from the skin. So go for that glass of fresh lemonade as often as you can. It’s a great way to raise your daily water intake.

Green Tip: Having lemonade with a teaspoon of honey early in the morning works as a great skin detox.

Nuts & Seeds

Beauty Benefit: When it comes to nuts and seeds, Brazil nuts, walnuts and flaxseeds pack a punch. The high selenium content of Brazil nuts is good for getting shiny hair and walnuts are high in omega-3 fatty acids and Vitamin E, which are great for skin health. Among seeds, flaxseeds (also called linseeds) win hands down as their high fibre and healthy fat content is great for skin.

Green Tip: You can include nuts and seeds in your diet by tossing a few into your salad, pasta, or dessert.

Tomatoes

Beauty Benefit: The lycopene in tomatoes is great to boost your skin’s defences against environmental damage, especially against the ageing effects of the sun’s rays.

Green Tip: It’s easier for the body to absorb lycopene when the tomatoes are cooked, so load up on the tomato sauce with your pasta.

Salmon

Beauty Benefit: A fish with one of the richest concentrations of omega-3 fatty acids, the healthy fats in salmon nourish the skin by reducing the body’s production of inflammatory substances, decreasing clogged pores, and preventing fine lines and wrinkles.

Green Tip: Have at least two servings of fish a week to reap its skincare benefits.

As much as we hate it, pimples are part of our lives. Although we see more of it during our teenage years, keep in mind that they continue to pay a visit at any age, anytime and without any notice. It’s all good, okay, at least tolerable, if they come and go quickly. The problem occurs when they leave a mark on our face after they’re gone. And of course with time, as more acne appears, the chances of more scarring increases. What’s worse? If you don’t treat acne scars swiftly, they’re likely to stay with you forever. For those of you are thinking time will do the trick, you may be right, only if you are in your younger years when the body is quick to recover. As an adult, it’s best to procrastinate no more, and get a scarring treatment system right away, before chaos ensues.

When Do Pimples Leave Scars Behind?

There are multiple grades of pimples. The mildest and common ones are small and tiny bumps of comedones such as blackheads and whiteheads. Another form of mild acne are small papules or red, inflamed, tender bumps with no head. More severe ones are pimples or cyst, which are pus-filled. While a mild pimple or clusters of pimples may just be temporary guests, cystic acne can be far more severe and highly prone to permanent scarring unless you take care, and avoid scratching or squeezing. Finally the severe type of acne that is almost definitely going to leave a scar is the big boils you get on your face.

What Are The Causes Of Acne?

Cystic acne strikes males more than females, but it can occur in either gender. If there is a family tendency to have the condition, parents of those entering their teens should be on the lookout for symptoms such a reddening of the skin or visible skin lesions.

Other factors causing severe acne are the same as those for other forms of acne. All types of acne often occur due to overactive oil glands, which means your sebaceous or fat glands are very active in producing oil on the skin. This excess oil can clog the pores, blocking bacteria inside. Hormonal imbalance and stress often stimulate the sebaceous gland activity. Acne also comes from excess dead skin cells within the hair follicle or pores. Externally acne can be caused by clogging pores with too much cream or cosmetics.

How Can You Treat Acne Scars?

First, you’ll have to know that whichever treatment you go for, skincare is a long-term commitment. Having good complexion is like hitting the gym and getting that six-pack abs. It requires effort and maintenance. And because skincare is long term, at Porcelain, we work hard to educate our clients and develop a trusted relationship to better cater to your needs.

If you want real improvement for severe scars, then you have the choice of skin resurfacing treatments. This is primarily used to get rid of nasty wrinkles and scars that appear on the surface of the skin. The laser emits a power beam of light that burns affected skin away. An even more efficient technology would be Sublative Rejuvenation which uses can go deeper than traditional laser heat your subcutaneous dermal tissue, breaking the sebum cycle that causes active acne to form. It also works to contracts and restructures collagen, resulting in skin tightening and improved skin quality. It’s also great for the reason that it doesn’t really have downtime, pigmentation or scarring and very little side effects.

How Effective Is Treating Scarring With Dermabrasion?

Dermabrasion was more common in the past, but not so much anymore. The procedure needs to be performed by a highly skilled doctor and hygiene vice, there’s lots of blood splattering. With laser you know exactly how deep you want to go and can adjust the energy to be as deep as you want to fix, as for dermabrasion although you can do this, it’s not as precise. I’d would just say, for red scars it’s good to get a laser done, for severe scars usually fractional radio frequency works best, for indented scars, fillers do the magic and for ice pick scars nothing really helps. But this is just a general statement. Depending on each individual case, it may differ and sometimes you’ll need a combination of treatments.

How Can I Avoid The Recurrence Of Acne?

If all of these techniques and treatment options have your head spinning, do your best to prevent adult acne, before it gets to an uncontrollable point. If the cause is hyperactive of sebaceous gland then you may have to may have to consider medication that reduces its activity. If your lifestyle induces acne, such as too much sun exposure, cream or make up, then try and go low on it.

Porcelain, The Face Spa

We at Porcelain, The Face Spa provides premium skin care solutions to make porcelain complexion a reality for our customers.

Our Quintessential Facial is fully customized to cater to all skin problems starting from dull/uneven skin tone, severe acne/pimple problems, acne scars, age spots all the way to pigmentation and even sensitive skin! There is no ‘one size fits all’ in skincare, that’s why all our treatments are customized.

The Porcelain Team is equipped to educate our clients on what is best for them. We live and breathe skincare; you can treat your skin is in good hands at Porcelain.

Click here to find out more!

 

No two skins are the same. Are you Asian? Are you in Asia? It all matters and will affect how you care for it. Here are 6 differences that Asian skin has compared to other skins.

1. Prone To Sensitivity

Our skin is said to be prone to irritation as we have a thinner stratum corneum or the outermost layer of skin, compared to other ethnic groups. As a result, Asian skin becomes extremely sensitive to environmental factors and chemicals, which can disrupt the skin’s pH level.

We need to be more careful with what products and treatments we use on our skin as most of us may not react well to harsh treatments such as peeling or acidic chemical solutions.

Asian skin is more prone to sensitivity

Credit: Aiony Haust

2. Scars More Easily

Because of our thinner stratum corneum, it is also said that Asian skin is genetically predisposed to scar more easily than others. Hence, greater care must be given when one has acne breakout and when one is trying to heal from some skin scarring.

Do not go squeezing that pimple and poking at that acne. Use gentle products like emu oil or Vitamin E to heal the scars.

3. More Issues With Hyper-Pigmentation

All skin contains about the same number of melanocytes but the amount of melanin they produce varies. Melanin is a natural skin pigment that protects the skin from UV damage. Obviously, dark-skinned people produce more melanin and light skin people produce less. While research has indicated that Asians have more photo-protective pigment melanin.

Use sunscreen religiously and use a product containing gentle skin brightening properties from your early twenties. Avoid hydroquinone!

Asian skin is more prone to hyper-pigmentation

Credit: Brock Elbank

4. Loses Moisture Easily

Asian skin showed the highest levels of Trans Epidermal Water Loss (TEWL), as well as increased levels of permeability. TEWL is the amount of water vapour lost through the skin under non-sweating conditions.

We need more skin hydration and it’ll be good to choose a moisturizer high in water-binding ingredients such as hyaluronic acid.

Asian skin loses moisture more easily

5. Gets Oily More Easily

It is often said that Asian skin has more sebaceous glands and is oilier than Caucasian skin type. This might have to do with the weather as well but it is generally true that most of us are constantly fighting to keep shine away from our skin.

Our skin may get clogged easily and it’ll be good to exfoliate once or twice a week. In addition, do not use harsh products that will strip away our natural skin lipids and make the skin oilier.

6. More Resistant To Aging

While we have a thinner stratum corneum, we also have a thicker dermis that contains greater collagen. This means that our skin shows fewer signs of premature ageing.

Skin Care Myth No. 1: Expensive skin care products work best

This is absolutely not true. In fact, there are many mass market products that are better than expensive ones. This does not mean that expensive products are not as effective. It’s just that you might be able to get something similar at a cheaper price. So do not let the price affect your evaluation of the product. Rather, try to understand your product by researching on the ingredients and find out what it does for your skin.

Various Cosmetics

Skin Care Myth No. 2: It’s better to pop your pimple and remove the pus

Even though it feels really good to pop your pimple and remove the pus, improper handling of it will lead to further inflammation and might lead to scarring. In a worse case, further inflammation might spread under your skin and cause another pimple to pop up within the next few days, close to the first one. Hence, you should bear in mind not to squeeze or pop you own pimple. Rather, you should turn to your professional skincare provider to do it for you. They are equipped with the right skills and equipments such that it will not leave unsightly scars.

Skin Care Myth No. 3: You don’t need sunscreen on a cloudy day

Even on a cloudy day, UV radiation from the sun reaches the earth’s surface. Hence, it is important that you apply sunscreen daily, whether rain or shine.  Invest in a good sunscreen which has SPF 15 or above and protects your skin against UVA and UVB rays. This way, you will be able to prevent your skin from aging and having pigmentation or uneven skin tone.

Skin Care Myth No. 4 : Hypoallergenic products will work well for any skin type

What causes allergies for one person may not necessarily have the same effect for another person, so the term “hypoallergenic” is rather ambiguous. Instead, to ensure your skin stays clear from allergies, observe which products lead you to have breakouts or skin rashes and remove these products from your skin care regime. Ultimately, taking care of your skin is about choosing the right products and having a good skin-care regimen which you follow diligently. Only then, will you be able to achieve the desired effect.

Skin Care Myth No. 5: Scrubbing your face will keep your skin healthy and free from acne

Many people feel that scrubbing your skin makes it cleaner as it has undergone exfoliation, making it feel smoother. But in actual fact, you’re taking off some of the protective oils and barriers, which may lead to a more sensitive and irritated skin. Hence, when your skin is already feeling inflamed, you should avoid scrubbing it too often. Instead, use a gentle cleanser followed by a moisturizer or sunscreen. Remember, do not scrub your face more than once or twice or week. Anything done in excess will not do your skin good.

Now that you know about the skincare myths and the truth behind them, you can make an informed decision about how to care for your skin. You are now a step closer to achieving clearer, smoother and more youthful skin!