Foundation of Skin Care: 5 Terrifying Things You Need to Know about the Sun

Dwelling in the coops of Singapore means that you get exposed to the sun all the time. With the warmer weather here to stay, it’s important for you to know how dangerous the sun can be.

1. You get more sun than you think

80% of total lifetime sun exposure happen incidentally.

Picture this – It’s a lazy cloudy afternoon and you get comfy on the cosy couch by the window. Getting up, you decide to go for a seemingly harmless drive without sunscreen on. These little things, however, can accumulate up to a hefty average of 14 hours of sun exposure a week.

Harmful UV rays are everywhere. Even on sun-less days, or indoors if you sit by the glass windows or if it’s just a few minutes out in the sun. Applying and reapplying sunscreen faithfully is what keeps your skin safe.

2. Biggest enemy of ageing skin

Being responsible for 90% of premature ageing, your skin definitely hates the sun. UV rays damages and impairs the production of collagen and elastin. Without the support of these tissues, our skin loses elasticity and appears saggy.

Photoaging, also known as sun-induced ageing, is caused by two main UV rays:

  • UV A rays
    • Causes photoaging and skin cancer
    • Present with the same intensity through all daylight hours, all year round
    • Penetrates clouds and glass (P.S.: It’s not safe indoors!)
    • Damages the deeper layers of the skin to the dermis and hypodermis
      (Learn about skin layers)
  • UV B rays
    • Causes sunburns and skin cancer
    • Intensity varies through the day, place and season, but is strongest from 10am to 4pm
    • Can reflect off surfaces (e.g. water, ground) and cause double-damage
    • Damages the superficial layers of the skin (epidermis)

3. The sun’s dark side – Pigmentation

Age spots, sun spots, dark spots – these unsightly marks are the flaws on your face you wished you could erase. As the word “sun spots” suggests, the sun is the main culprit responsible for pigmentation. UVA rays penetrates your dermis and stimulates the production of Melanin, which causes the dark patches on the skin. While there are treatments available to help this skin issue (check out our IPL Pigmentation Facial), there is no perfect cure for it yet.

4. It heightens the risk of skin cancer

Sunburns hurt the DNA in your skin cells. When these damaged cells build up, it can cause cells to grow out of control, eventually leading to skin cancer. Having severe sunburns, even if it’s once in a while, will raise your risk of skin cancer multifold.

5. Being young doesn’t mean being safe

While you might not witness the consequences of a sunburn immediately, it is likely to hit you back a few decades down the road. A nasty sunburn can cause pigmentation to kick in 10-20 years later, or lead to skin cancer when you are older. Instead of wishing to turn back the clock, start practicing good sun care practices now! If you have to bask in the warmth of the sun for a prolonged period of time, always apply a generous amount of sunscreen.

Now you know the secret to looking younger  😉 Stay tuned to our blog posts to learn about how to prevent yourself from these nasty effects of the sun.