Have you seen the back of your skin care product? If you have, I am sure the hard-to-understand ingredients stated often confuse you. It is important for you to know which ingredients you should look out for, and which you should avoid. Know what goes into your product to keep your skin healthy!



Alcohol (SD Alcohol)

Alcohol enables other ingredients to penetrate into your skin. In toners and acne products, it can help dissolve oil and temporarily tighten pores. However, it breaks down skin barrier at the same time, destroying the very substances that keep your skin healthy.


Allatoin is a natural chemical compound that is found in botanical extracts. Chemically synthesized allatoin is identical to natural ones, so it is considered safe. It is known for its natural soothing and anti-irritant properties that increase the water content. It also smoothes skin by increasing cell turnover.

Alpha Hydroxy Acids (AHA)

AHA is an organic skin care ingredient from milk, fruit and sugar cane. It is best for normal to dry skin. It works only at the surface of the skin, loosening the molecular bonds and easing the removal of dead skin cells. It also helps to bind moisture and aid production of collagen and elastin, moisturizing, smoothening and brightening your skin.

However, it can cause sun sensitivity and skin irritation. The most common types of AHA are glycolic acid, lactic acid, citric acid, malic acid, mandelic acid, salicylic acid and hyaluronic acid.

Alpha Lipoic Acid

Alpho Lipoic Acid is the perfect anti-aging agent. It is an antioxidant that can prevent and repair damage by neutralizing free radicals. It is soluble in both water and oil that it reaches all body parts effectively. It diminishes fine lines and is capable of preserving other powerful antioxidants such as Vitamin C and E.

Amino Acid

It is important in building the structure of the skin. It is responsible for proteins that make up collagen and elastin and contains skin-firming properties. It also helps in the penetration of your skincare products.


This is a common sunscreen ingredient that offers protection against UVA rays. It absorbs UVA rays and converts them to less damaging infrared heat reducing photo-damage. However, it does not protect us from UVB rays.



Benzoyl Peroxide

Benzoyl Peroxide is an effective acne medicine! It takes off the layer of dead skin cells and clears your pores. In addition, it also kills bacteria that trigger breakouts on your skin. However, it can cause irritation to your skin, so it is best to start from low concentration.


Bisobolol is a thick oily liquid from chamomile plant. It is an anti-inflammatory extract that helps alleviate skin discomfort. It enhances absorption and reduces skin dehydration and damage. It also increases skin penetration, especially of skin antioxidants.



Caffeine / Coffeeberry

Caffeine not only has the function to keep us awake, it is also beneficial to our skin. It reduces the appearance of cellulite and puffy eyes. It is also a powerful antioxidant, has anti-inflammatory properties and helps regulate oil glands.


Naturally occurring in skin’s oil, these fats act as ‘glue’ of the epidermis cells to reinforce the skin’s protective barrier. These barriers can reduce infections and holds moisture preventing wrinkles. Research has proven that people with eczema and sensitive skin have a lower level of ceramides. Many of the moisturizers off counters contain ceramides.

Coenzyme Q10 (Ubiquinone)

I’m sure you have seen supplement pills with coenzyme Q10 advertised as the best anti-aging pills. Coenzyme Q10 (CoQ10 in abbreviated form) is a vitamin-like, fat-soluble substance in charge of cell protection. It prevents the appearance of wrinkles, repairs sun damage and boosts collagen production, acting as a powerful antioxidant.


Most of you would know collagen deals with skin elasticity, boosting a youthful look. It comprises 80% of skin and keeps skin firm and strong. Collagen, like CoQ10, breaks down over time.




This silicone based polymer works as a safe anti-foaming agent, skin protectant, and skin and hair conditioner. It is easily spreadable and creates a subtle gloss that feels smooth and silky to touch when applied. Besides these functions, it fills fine lines, giving even texture and tone. Lastly, it forms a membrane that keeps water from evaporating.




A protein named elastin is always mentioned when it comes to anti-ageing. Along with collagen, elastin supports the epidermis. It keeps skin flexible but tight and smooth. Hence, if the elastin breaks down, your skin cannot be supported and thus becomes saggy and wrinkly. It is vulnerable to sun damage, so always apply sunscreen!


It is usually used as a synonym for moisturizer. Emollient keeps skin hydrated by restraining water evaporation. It also softens your skin by delivering moisture by itself!


Emulsifiers refer to ingredients that create a stable mixture of different elements. They are used to bind non-mixing ingredients such as water and oil.



Ferulic Acid

Ferulic Acid is one of the few powerful antioxidants from plants. It is often used with Vitamin C and E to facilitate stabilized combination and boost their functions. This is not all! It is a fabulous ingredient that maximizes photoprotective capacity for dry to normal skin.


Feverfew, a plant related to sunflower, has a huge soothing effect. Since one of constituents, parthenolides, may irritate or sensitize the skin, it has to be purified when used in cosmetics. Thanks to its calming effect, it reduces inflammation, minimizes redness by sunburn, and protects against free radicals making it suitable for treating acne, rosacea and irritated skin. However, it is not recommended for pregnant or nursing women and children under 2 years old.


Fragrance often indicates synthetic chemical compounds used to generate delightful scents, but it is also the number one factor that triggers allergic reactions. Don’t be fooled by their pleasant scent!


These are common ingredients that go into your daily skin care products. Check the ingredients before you buy the product and you will be able to select the most suitable ones for your skin!

We seriously can’t emphasize enough the importance of sunscreen to reduce or prevent the appearance of pigmentation and premature aging. Though we’re sure most of you do know the importance of applying sunscreen daily, there are a few other must-knows that we’d like to share today. It could change how well your sunscreen works for you.

Some of you may question – ‘why is it that pigmentation spots still appear despite me applying my sunscreen religiously?’. Well, often we apply sunscreen as a base before applying our blusher or powder. Unknowingly, some of our sunscreen gets wiped off when applying make up. So, our suggestion is to wait for 3-5 minutes for your sunscreen to set. Also, remember not to apply too much pressure when you’re applying make up. Alternatively, you can opt for a tinted sunscreen. A good tinted sunscreen should give you some coverage and a radiant glow. Then, you’re good to go, without even having to pile on more make up.

We would also recommend that you apply your sunscreen around 30 minutes before leaving home. The reason is simple. Your sunscreen needs to take some time to be fully absorbed into your skin. This would prevent your sweat from wearing it off, especially during summer climate.

Apart from knowing the importance of applying your sunscreen religiously, it is necessary for you to know what it does for you and how you can pick your perfect sunscreen.

For a start, you will often see the term ‘SPF’ on your sunscreen. This represents ‘Sun Protection Factor’, which essentially means how much longer you can stay out in the sun as compared to when you are not wearing sunscreen. This may be a little hard to comprehend, so allow me to do a bit of explanation…

If you are someone who normally gets burnt under the sun without wearing sunscreen after 15 minutes, and you’re now using a sunscreen of SPF 20, then you can now stay out in the sun for 5 hours (20×15=300 minutes) without getting sun burnt. With this in mind, you can pick the ideal sunscreen according to your activity and length of stay out in the sun.

Also, try not to be too stingy with your sunscreen. If there is a need to reapply, go ahead. Sometimes our sunscreen gets worn off due to our sweat, especially when we are involved in vigorous activities like swimming, playing beach volleyball, wakeboarding…etc.

So, remember to slap on sufficient amounts of sunscreen whenever required, because prevention is definitely better than cure!


Porcelain’s, Flawless, Skin Perfecting Cream with SPF 20, gives you a glow, allowing you to regain natural youthfulness while protecting your skin against the harmful UV rays. Its advanced formula also prevents pores from clogging, making it an ideal make up base.

For every strand of hair on your body, there is a corresponding pore. We can’t see all the skin pores, and the same holds true for hair. While we share the same number of hair as apes, human hair is much less coarse, and most are so wispy they can’t really be seen.

Skin Pores: How Do They Work?

Credit: Gabriela Mendes

The average adult has around 5 million hairs on his or her body. If you think you suffer from large pores and feel low about it, take heart! 4.9 million or so of them are nice and tiny.

Maintaining clean, healthy skin pores is important for maintaining healthy (and healthy-looking) skin. Dirt and oil collect around them like leaves and debris collect around a storm drain. When these get clogged, it creates a pile-up of oil and dead skin cells in the follicle. Soon, bacteria make their way to the blockage, and the growth in bacteria causes inflammation.

Now, if you keep squeezing, poking and rubbing the blocked pore, it doesn’t help one bit. It only adds more oil, dirt and unwelcome physical pressure — everything a zit needs to flourish. Worse, you may just make those pores stretch more.

While there isn’t a permanent solution to shrink skin pores, there are ways you can make them look smaller.

To learn more about skin pores, read on!

The Function of Skin Pores

The Function of Skin Pores

Credit: Tookapic

Our skin is abundant with hair follicles, tiny shafts through which hair can grow.

“Follicles” and “pores” are sometimes used interchangeably, and other times referred to as two different things. In truth, the pore is simply the opening on the skin of the hair follicle, which extends downward through several layers of skin.

If a hair follicle were a tall chimney, the pore would be the opening at the top of the chimney. Instead of emitting smoke, the follicle emits a shaft of hair. Skin cells are constantly dying inside the follicle. Additionally, small sebaceous glands located inside the follicle (picture a cul-de-sac located to the side of an otherwise straight road) produce oil called sebum. Sebum is a mixture of fats, proteins, cholesterol and inorganic salts. It travels up the follicle and (in a perfect world) exits through the pore. It also carries dead skin cells found within the follicle up to the skin’s surface.

What about sweat — doesn’t that come out of the same pores? No. Sweat is produced by separate glands that also heavily populate your skin. However, it does still affect your skin’s appearance. Once it reaches the surface, it dries and leaves salts behind that can block your pores.

This mixture of oil and dead skin cells helps to coat your skin, protecting it from bacteria, viruses, wind and rain. Sometimes, though, the pore is occluded (blocked) and the materials trying to get out can’t, resulting in acne.

If you have large pores, here’s some good news. As we age, our skin produces less oil, leading to dryness. This dryness, coupled with environmental damage to the skin, causes the skin to age and wrinkle. Large pores produce more oil, and this comes in handy later in life when your skin needs it most.

Maintenance of Skin Pores

Maintenance of Skin Pores

Credit: Kevin Laminto

Many people don’t like having noticeable pores, but there are steps you can take to minimize their appearance:

  • If you use makeup, wash it off every night with a gentle cleanser to prevent pore blockage.
  • Protect yourself from the sun. The sun and ageing thicken the outer layer of skin, and as the tide of skin cells rises, they form a tiny volcano rim around pores. This makes pores seem bigger than they really are.
  • Oily-looking skin tends to make pores look larger. Wash your face regularly with mild, hydrating cleansers.
  • Debris, such as dead skin cells, collects around the edges of pores, making them look bigger. Topical Vitamin A treatments can prevent skin cells in the pore from sticking and clogging it up, and help reduce the ridges or rims that develop around pores.
  • Exfoliating treatments like microdermabrasion (where tiny particles are blasted against your face and immediately vacuumed back up) remove dead skin layers with the goal of making your skin look smoother. Some people opt for chemical peels or laser resurfacing, but these are more intensive procedures and carry the possibility of unwanted side effects.

As frustrating as it can be to have large pores, you can minimize their appearance — and your frustration — through regular care and maintenance.

This article goes over three of the most effective acne skin care tips to help you enjoy a healthier skin.

When dealing with acne skin care, most of the medical professionals commonly suggest that people affected with acne must practice certain acne skin care methods that will help improve the condition of their skin.

Acne, as you may already know, is a very severe skin disorder that affects thousands of people from all over the world. It not only affects the surface of the skin but also the inner layers of the skin. Acne usually occurs on the face, neck, chest and back, and it starts during the adolescence period.

During the past several years, a good number of acne experts and skin care professionals have conducted many studies on how to prevent the formation of acne. And fortunately, these skin care specialists have come out with certain acne skin care tips that can be of great help for fighting acne. I have selected the three simpler yet most powerful acne skin care tips that you can follow in order to have a healthier skin. These are mentioned below:


#1: Always Cleanse Your Skin Gently

First of all, personal hygiene is very necessary for fighting acne. So as what most experts usually suggest, you should gently clean your skin with a mild cleanser at least twice a day. This simple acne skin care step is deemed important for fighting acne since washing your face or the other affected areas will wipe away the acne-causing bacteria found on the skin. Also note that although you are sometimes told to scrub your face, scrubbing is not a good acne skin care move since it will just trigger the development of acne, worsening the condition. In addition to this acne skin care step, it is worth noting that astringents are not always suggested unless the skin is very oily. And, they must only be applied on the oily spots.


#2: Refrain From Frequently Touching Your Skin

Another helpful acne skin care tip is to avoid frequently handling of the skin. Don’t pinch, pick or squeeze your pimple since it will only worsen the condition. Many of the people have considered this acne skin care step as one of the most important acne skin care pointers knowing that it may only cause infection and scars formation. As this acne skin care tip holds, you should avoid rubbing and touching your skin lesions if possible.

Various Cosmetics

#3: Choose Your Products Carefully

This last acne skin care tip holds that people who are being treated for acne must change some of the cosmetics they use. Note that in order to avoid the onset or the development of acne, the cosmetics you plan on using like the foundation, blush, moisturizers, and eye shadow should be oil free. Aside from that, this acne skin care tip also holds that you must avoid oily hair products for they may cause closed comedones. Therefore, those products that are labeled as noncomedogenic should be applied.

It is a fact that many of us are very conscious of our skin condition. And as such, we are always wanting to have a fresh, good-looking skin as much as possible. Unfortunately, many of us also fail to come to the conclusion that simple steps are the best ways to accomplish this goal. We often are blind enough that we don’t see what’s really right or wrong for our skin. We often fall in so much frustration and desperation that make us go buy any high-priced beauty products that in the end just turn out to be a waste of time and money, and even worsen our acne. Hopefully, the above mentioned acne skin care tips will be a good start to help you enhance your skin condition.

Brides want nothing more than look and feel their best on their wedding day. As they set off to marry the person they want to spend the rest of their lives with, brides would like to be at their most beautiful. They will surely be glowing on their special day, and clear skin will highlight that bridal glow even more.

Healthy glowing skin not only serves as the perfect canvas for makeup, but it also brings out the bride’s inner confidence – and so proper skincare should be among a bride’s priorities.

Know Your Skin Type

Before applying any product or going for any sort of skin treatment, a bride should identify her skin type. Doing so will allow the bride to know which products or treatments suit her best.

Cleanse, Tone, Moisturize, Protect

Having a regular skincare regimen is the way to have healthy skin. All professionals will reiterate the importance of cleansing, toning and moisturizing to keep the skin blemish-free. Most women follow those three steps religiously, but they tend to forget to protect their skin. Apply sunscreen should be part of the regimen to prevent skin damages from too much sun exposure.

Choose A Trust-Worthy Skincare Provider

Professional skincare is something that should never be compromised, which is why brides should take time to find a reliable skincare provider to address their needs. Brides must invest in a bridal skincare regimen. Such treatments must begin three to six months before the wedding. Each session should ideally be one to two weeks apart in order to give skin ample time to change, restore, rebuild and smoothen. Avoid having intensive treatments too close to date with your wedding day.