Today, more and more people are interested in anti-aging. Being the outermost layer of our body, the skin often acts as an important sign of someone’s age. Therefore, it is better to know the causes of aging skin and prevent it.

There are two main causes of aging skin. One is intrinsic aging and the other is extrinsic aging – photoaging. Intrinsic aging occurs due to chronological changes and is an inherent, natural degenerative process which we cannot prevent. It is destined by genetic factors such as level of hormone secretion and thickness of the skin. On the other hand, extrinsic aging can be delayed with proper and continuous care. The accumulated effects of pollutants (dirt, cold, wind, smog and exposure to sun) is the culprit of extrinsic aging. Compared to intrinsic aging, extrinsic aging can appear at earlier periods in more severe degrees. Signs of extrinsic aging include dryness, wrinkles, rough skin and pigmentation.

What is photoaging?

Photoaging is the biggest external factor that makes our skin saggy and old. It is a combination of photo- which is ‘related to light’ and aging. As you can guess from the word itself, it is an aging effect due to light, specifically UV rays. Photoaging is classified into 4 phases from Mild to Severe.

Group Classification Typical Age Description Skin Characteristic
I Mild 28-35 No Wrinkles Early photo aging; mild pigment changese, no keratosis, minimal wrinkles, minimal or no makeup
II Moderate 35-50 Wrinkles in Motion Early to moderate photo aging; early brown spots visible, keratosis palpable but not visible, parallel smile lines begin to appear, wears some foundation
III Advanced 50-65 Wrinkles at Rest Advanced photo aging; obvious discoloration, visible capillaries, visible keratosis, wears heavier foundation
IV Severe 60 & up Only Wrinkles Severe photo aging; yellow/gray skin color, prior skin malignancies, wrinkles throughout – no normal skin, cannot wear make-up because it cracks and cakes

Major factor of photoaging – UV rays

UV rays are part of the light spectrum that reaches earth. UV rays have short wavelength so it is not visible to our eyes. There are 3 kinds of UV rays; UVA, UVB and UVC. Severity of UV rays can be measured by UV index.

1.       Categories of UV rays

  • UV A

UV A cannot be absorbed by ozone layer. It can penetrate through windows even during cloudy days. Among UV rays, it mostly damages our skin. It creates redness and it is responsible for premature aging of the skin and skin cancer.

  • UV B

UV B radiation is stronger than UVA. 90% of it is absorbed by ozone layer, but the rest still reaches earth’s surface. It is the most intense in summer from 10 am to 2 pm. It usually affects outer layer of skin, causing sunburn, premature aging of skin and skin cancer.

  • UV C

UV C is the most devastating and harmful to our skin. It has the strongest UV radiation. However, it can be absorbed by ozone layer.

2.       Effect of UV rays

When UV A and B work together the damage becomes a lot harsher. It will penetrate into our skin breaking down collagen and elastin. To make matters worse, it slows down production of collagen. Hence, repeated exposure to Sun will cause premature aging such as fine lines, wrinkles, age spots, freckles, discoloration, and dryness.

UV rays also interact with melanin. Melanin first absorbs UV rays in order to protect your skin from damaging. However, if it receives excessive UV rays, you will get sunburn. Other than that, it can modify DNA called p53, which is in charge of repairing damaged cells and discarding severely damaged cells.

3.       Measure of UV

The amount reaching the Earth’s surface can be affected by several factors, for example weather, time of the day and year etc. Thus to help people understand intensity of UV rays, meteorologists came up with UV index. It is a global standard indicating the strength of the UV rays reaching the ground for an hour around noon. It is advisable to check before going out and prepare for potential sun damage. 1-3 means low exposure; 4-6 means medium; 7-9 means high; 10+ means extreme exposure. The higher the number, the greater the exposure to UV rays. Therefore there is a higher change of getting sun damage which ultimately leads to skin cancer.

Effective way to avoid photoaging

1.      Wear Sunscreen

To minimize aging caused by sun, reducing UV ray’s effect is the key. So wear sunscreen! Sunscreen acts as a protector which prohibits harmful UV rays from penetrating into our skin. It is recommended to wear it at least 15 minutes before going out and reapply as frequently as possible.

2.       Avoid peak sun hours

Most of sun rays reach the ground from 10 am to 2pm. Thus, staying inside during peak sun hours is a good way to delay photoaging.

3.       Wear sunglasses and hats

It is a good way to block sun ray from reaching our skin with accessories. Wearing those accessories not only makes you appear more fashionable, it also reduces intensity and amount of UV rays reaching our skin, preventing wrinkles and fine lines.

4.       Soothe your skin

After an entire day of outdoor activities, you have to soothe your skin. Cleanse properly and apply soothing products such as aloe vera gel. Slicing potato and putting it on your face will also moisturize and soothe sunburn skin.

Featured image taken from Faceworkshops

This article goes over three of the most effective acne skin care tips to help you enjoy a healthier skin.

When dealing with acne skin care, most of the medical professionals commonly suggest that people affected with acne must practice certain acne skin care methods that will help improve the condition of their skin.

Acne, as you may already know, is a very severe skin disorder that affects thousands of people from all over the world. It not only affects the surface of the skin but also the inner layers of the skin. Acne usually occurs on the face, neck, chest and back, and it starts during the adolescence period.

During the past several years, a good number of acne experts and skin care professionals have conducted many studies on how to prevent the formation of acne. And fortunately, these skin care specialists have come out with certain acne skin care tips that can be of great help for fighting acne. I have selected the three simpler yet most powerful acne skin care tips that you can follow in order to have a healthier skin. These are mentioned below:

cleanse-face2

#1: Always Cleanse Your Skin Gently

First of all, personal hygiene is very necessary for fighting acne. So as what most experts usually suggest, you should gently clean your skin with a mild cleanser at least twice a day. This simple acne skin care step is deemed important for fighting acne since washing your face or the other affected areas will wipe away the acne-causing bacteria found on the skin. Also note that although you are sometimes told to scrub your face, scrubbing is not a good acne skin care move since it will just trigger the development of acne, worsening the condition. In addition to this acne skin care step, it is worth noting that astringents are not always suggested unless the skin is very oily. And, they must only be applied on the oily spots.

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#2: Refrain From Frequently Touching Your Skin

Another helpful acne skin care tip is to avoid frequently handling of the skin. Don’t pinch, pick or squeeze your pimple since it will only worsen the condition. Many of the people have considered this acne skin care step as one of the most important acne skin care pointers knowing that it may only cause infection and scars formation. As this acne skin care tip holds, you should avoid rubbing and touching your skin lesions if possible.

Various Cosmetics

#3: Choose Your Products Carefully

This last acne skin care tip holds that people who are being treated for acne must change some of the cosmetics they use. Note that in order to avoid the onset or the development of acne, the cosmetics you plan on using like the foundation, blush, moisturizers, and eye shadow should be oil free. Aside from that, this acne skin care tip also holds that you must avoid oily hair products for they may cause closed comedones. Therefore, those products that are labeled as noncomedogenic should be applied.

It is a fact that many of us are very conscious of our skin condition. And as such, we are always wanting to have a fresh, good-looking skin as much as possible. Unfortunately, many of us also fail to come to the conclusion that simple steps are the best ways to accomplish this goal. We often are blind enough that we don’t see what’s really right or wrong for our skin. We often fall in so much frustration and desperation that make us go buy any high-priced beauty products that in the end just turn out to be a waste of time and money, and even worsen our acne. Hopefully, the above mentioned acne skin care tips will be a good start to help you enhance your skin condition.

Many things could be causes of acne. Let’s uncover the hidden factors that could be causing your blemishes.

Your Prescription

Causes of Acne: Your prescription

Credit: Rawpixel

One of the first places to check for complexion-busters is in your medicine cabinet. Steroids found in prescription drugs are a key offender, whether taken internally or topically. If taken internally, the offending ingredient will be listed as prednisone, which is the tablet form of a steroid. Prednisone is used to treat a wide variety of inflammatory disorders like poison ivy, allergies, and arthritis, among others. If your med is topical, however, watch out for both cortisone (prescription) and hydrocortisone (over-the-counter).

If either form is overused, it could aggravate or cause a ‘steroid acne. Other ingredients to watch out for are lithium, lithium chloride, and certain forms of iodine. If you’re taking any kind of medication, check it out and see if acne is listed in the adverse effects column. Oral contraceptives are the most common cause of acne. Whenever there is a change in hormone levels in your body—even if it’s for the better—it’s a change that can result in breakouts. Even though birth control is supposed to have the opposite effect—and eventually does—the change in hormone levels requires time for your body to compensate and balance itself. Keep in mind that when starting or stopping the pill, it could take up to six months for related acne to appear!

Your Beauty Routine

Causes of Acne: Your beauty routine

Causes of Acne: Your beauty routine

Zit-causing ingredients could be lurking on your beauty shelf — it’s one of the largest causes of acne. Unlike most prescriptions, however, you do have control over what you put on your face and hair. Acne caused by topical creams, lotions, and makeup is known as Acne Cosmetica, and is most common on the face, neck, hairline, and scalp. If you regularly apply a product to an acne-prone area, it’s possible that it’s doing more harm than good. Some people may also go to bed with ointments or oils in their hair that can get on the pillow case and then rub on your face, in which case it’s best to put a clean towel over your pillowcase every night to prevent buildup. Makeup brushes are constantly collecting leftover makeup and gathering bacteria and yeast, which can lead to a type of acne known as Folliculitis.

Your Cellphone

Causes of Acne: Your cellphone

Credit: Chad Madden

Cell phones gather all kinds of dirt and bacteria throughout the day, and are a big cause of acne on the chin and around the mouth. Wiping down your Smartphone daily with alcohol or Clorox wipes will keep your phone—and your face—clean.

Toothpaste

Causes of Acne: Toothpaste

Credit: George Becker

Contrary to the popular belief that toothpaste will stop a breakout in its tracks, certain toothpastes can actually cause you to develop acne or an acne-like eruption called perioral dermatitis on the lower third of your face. Fluoride and other whitening and anti-cavity ingredients, especially sodium pyrophosphate, are quite abrasive, it could potentially burn the skin, cause irritation, and initiate breakouts.

Workout Gear

Causes of Acne: Your workout gear

Credit: Scott Webb

Your workout could be making you break out, but it’s not the act of exercising that is causing those unsightly spots. If you’re using a communal yoga mat, you may be on the side that someone else’s feet or perspiration has touched. It’s best to put a towel over it when working out—even if it’s your personal yoga mat. Also, workout gear or clothing that constantly rubs in a certain area can cause frictional acne. Constant rubbing ends up making you sweat, become irritated, and eventually develop tiny little red bumps. While it looks kind of like a heat rash, it’s really an acne.

Your Hands

Causes of Acne: Your hands

Credit: Ian Dooley

Above all, avoid touching your face at all costs—even after you wash your hands. Touching can inflame the skin, and if you’re touching the same area, you might get an increase in oil production, so it’s three-pronged: it’s the bacteria, the inflammation, and the increased production in oil. And don’t even think about trying to pop that pimple!

What are Milia Seeds?

Pretty as they sound, these are not flower seeds. Also known as oilseeds, milia seeds are keratin-filled bumps that usually develop around the eye and nose area. They’re the bane of every quest to silky smooth skin because they cause a rough and uneven skin texture. Commonly found in people of all ages, they form when the skin does not slough off normally and get trapped in pores. Not so pretty now, are they?

Milia Seeds 101: What are they?

What Causes Them?

Milia seeds are often caused by overly rich creams or oil-based skin care products. For some people, they are hereditary or caused by hormonal changes. Certain medications and pollutants can also be contributing factors. However, before you start panicking about those little white bumps on your face, do note that these are fairly harmless.

How To Prevent Them?

Milia Seeds 101: Avoid creams that are too rich for the eye area

Avoid using creams that are too rich for your eye area as it might cause pore congestion. Rich concealers are often silent causes as people often use them to cover up dark eye circles. Consider using an oil-free lotion or cream, or possibly change products altogether, as an allergy may also be a cause. Sunburns may also cause damage leading to the cysts, so be sure to wear sunblock if burning is a problem. Most importantly, keep your hands off your face to prevent excess bacteria from getting on it!

How To Get Rid Of Milia Seeds?

Common ways include the use of a topical retinoid cream such as tretinoin, tazarotene or adapalene; removal with a sterile lancet or scalpel followed by the use of a comedone extractor, a tool used to remove whiteheads and blackheads; a series of fruit acid peels or microdermabrasion procedures; and carbon dioxide laser treatment. You should consult a dermatologist or aesthetic specialist for the appropriate course of treatment. Most importantly, do not try to remove them by squeezing them yourself, as it will very likely lead to scars.

PS: Porcelain’s Precision Facials helps to effectively remove milia seeds. For targeted milia seed removal, check out our RevitalEyes TreatmentBook now or call 6227 9692 or Whatsapp us at 9721 1008 to find out more.