What type of skin do you have? Not sure? Well, me too! So today, we shall take a look at the different types of skin, how do we differentiate them and what can be done to improve our skin.

Basically, there are 5 different types of skin: Oily, Combination, Sensitive, Dry and Sun-Damaged. Out skin type is determined by how much, or how little, oil our skin produces. Genes, diet, stress level, medication and even your skin care regimen indirectly determines how much oil your skin produces.

Here’s a skin test suggested by Berg, so we can slightly know which category of skin we belongs to.

1. Wash your face.

2. Pat it dry.

3. Take a few pieces of rice paper or lens-cleaning tissue paper.

4. Press on different spots on your face.

RESULTS!

– If your skin is oily, the paper will stick, pick up oily spots and become translucent.

– If the paper doesn’t stick or pick up any oily spots, your skin is dry.

– If it sticks in your t-zone (forehead, nose and chin) then you have combination (or normal) skin.

 

About 70% of women have combination skin. This skin type has medium pores, a smooth and even texture, good circulation, healthy color, may tend toward dryness on the cheeks while being oily in the t-zone. People who have oily skin during their adolescence usually ends up having combination skin with increasing age. Combination skin is mainly caused by hormonal changes which your sebaceous glands produces more oil on the skin. Of course there are other factors too which causes change in extent of oil in skin could also be the change of seasons, age, environmental, and the food we eat.

combinationskin

Mine belongs to the sensitive skin type which is the more “troublesome” skin. Eg. For people who have sensitive skin, when they use a product or cosmetic that does not suit their skins, their faces will start to itch, burning sensation, tingling, swelling, spots, acne and many more! Some skin sensitivity is caused by genetics. (I guess mine is genetic as most of my family members have sensitive skin!) Parents who suffer may pass the condition on to their children. Some other causes are like dyes and fragrances, cosmetics, heavy pollution, weather, bad dietary habits and stress. Yes, Never underestimate the effects of stress on your body, in recent research two-thirds of all visits to a doctor were found to be involving stress related conditions.

sensitive-skin

Oily skin! Many people have an oily skin making their face look so shiny! There are a number of factors contributing towards oily skin and it is usually more apparent in teenagers as their hormones changes. However, as well as hormones, it can also sometimes be hereditary, down to the cosmetics which you use, or it could even be down to the contraceptive pill. Generally it can occur at any age, but usually skin tends to become dryer the older that you are. Diet, humidity are also the main factors in causing oily skin.

oily-skin

Dry skin is caused by the dysfunction of sebaceous glands, which secretes the oil to the skin but heredity disorder is also the main cause of dry skin. Changes of seasons causes dry skin too. People tends to get dry skin during the winter season. And surprisingly, vitamins and nutrition that we take in and bathing too frequently with harsh soaps contributes to dry skin too! Dry skin is a little “troublesome” too. The advised do’s and don’ts: Moisturize while your skin is still damp from cleansing. To moisture your skin, try to use lanolin base cream. Keri-Lotion, Nivea Cream, and Eucerine cream all contain lanolin and moisturize the skin well. The don’ts: The ultraviolet rays of the sun during the winter are still strong. So, don’t forget the sunscreen lotion on your dry skin, don’t take long hot showers and lastly, don’t “air dry” after bathing or swimming.

dry-skin-2

I’ve never heard of sun-damaged skin. But well, this is what I’ve collated. Sun exposure causes most of the skin changes that we think of as a normal part of aging. Over time, the sun’s ultraviolet (UV) light damages the fibers in the skin called elastin. When these fibers breakdown, the skin begins to sag, stretch, and lose its ability to go back into place after stretching. The skin also bruises and tears more easily—taking longer to heal. There are several possible symptoms of sun damage spanning from cosmetic blemishes to more serious conditions like skin cancer. Treatment for sun damaged skin depends on which symptoms are present. Most patients are able to treat mild sunburns with over-the-counter products like aloe or creams. Cosmetic symptoms like fine lines, wrinkles, age spots, etc. may require laser resurfacing / photo-rejuvenation, intense pulsed light therapies, chemical peels and other cosmetic treatments.

sun-damage-face-120604The sun-damaged skin of a trucker after 28 years on the road
Click here to read more about what sun damage can do to your skin

Now that we know the different types of skin, their characteristics and our skin types. Next, lets see what has the professionals have to advised on skin care.

By , content reviewed by Medical Review Board:

Tip 1: Give yourself a dry brush exfoliation

Tip 2: Rev up your digestions

Tip 3: Invigorate Sluggish Circulation

Tip 4: Avoid excess sugar

Tip 5: Eat some good fats

For more info on the above mentioned tips, click here.

By Beauty Mesh:

Tip 1: Eat healthier

Tip 2: Hydrate and exercise

Tip 3: Monitor sun exposure

Tip 4: Practice a regular cleansing routine

For more info on the above mentioned tip, click here.